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Golden Temple Amritsar, Feeds up to 100,000 People a Day for Free

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Golden Temple Amritsar, Feeds up to 100,000 People a Day for Free
The Kitchen at the Golden Temple Feeds up to 100,000 People a Day for Free
Everyone eats the same food being dished out by the volunteers: dal, vegetables, and a thick South Asian rice pudding called kheer. It is lunchtime at the Golden Temple in Amritsar, India, and of the nearly 100,000 people who eat here on an average day, not a single one of them will pay for the food they consume.
The Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib), located in the city of Amritsar, India is a Sikh gurdwara (place of worship). It is the most well-known gurdwara and is considered a sacred place by Sikhs. It was first constructed in 1604 and was later rebuilt in 1764.

Located inside many gurdwaras are common kitchens/canteens known as a langar. At the langar, food is served to all visitors regardless of faith or background. Vegetarian food is often served to ensure that all people, even those with dietary restrictions, can eat together as equals.

The largest langar is found at the Golden Temple. It typically feeds roughly 40,000 people a day for free. On religious holidays and weekends, the langar can feed upwards of 100,000 people a day. This incredible feat is made possible through donations and volunteers. Below you will learn about the entire process at the Golden Temple from preparation to cleaning.

The Preparation
– About 90% of the staff is made up of volunteers (known as sewadars) that can help out for as long as they like
– Volunteers can assist with food prep such as peeling garlic or hand rolling rotis
– Large flour grinders located under the kitchen process up to 12,000 kg of flour a day
– Large vats of lentils require 1-2 people to stir
– On busy holidays, the kitchen will use their automatic roti machine which can produce 25,000 rotis/hour
– Once the food is prepared, it is placed into smaller containers so volunteers can carry around the dining hall and serve

Dining
– Everyone, regardless of faith and background is allowed in the dining hall
– Women, men and children all sit together
– Before entering you must remove your shoes and wear a head covering
– A traditional meal of lentils, rice, vegetables and roti is served
– Everyone must sit on the floor as equals, so all people are on the same level and nobody is ‘above’ anyone else
– There are two halls that can serve about 5,000 diners at a time

Cleaning
– After dining, plates and utensils are handed to another set of volunteers
– Each dish is washed five separate times in large communal areas
– Plates are then stacked for the next round of diners

Sources
– http://www.smithsonianmag.com/video/Kitchen-of-the-Golden-Temple.html
– http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmandir_Sahib
– http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langar_(Sikhism)
– http://www.reddit.com/r/todayilearned/comments/xgjdv/til_there_is_a_golden_temple_in_india_that_feeds/
– http://www.goldentempleamritsar.org/guru%20ka%20langar.html
Sikh Langar / Free Kitchen
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